what is chemistry?
Many scientists have given many definitions, but overall speaking, “Chemistry is that branch of science under which the composition, method of manufacture of various types of substances, The virtues, religions, changes occurring in them, that is, changes from one form to another are studied.
According to the famous twentieth-century scientist Linus Pauling,
“Chemistry is the science of substances, their properties, their
structure and the science of change.”
Meaning of Chemistry
The word CHEMISTRY originated from a word called alchemy, which means black color, and the word is derived from the ancient name of Egypt. The ancient name of Egypt was alchemy because its soil was black in color. In ancient times, chemistry emerged as an art, but in today’s time, chemistry is no longer an art but has taken the form of science.
Chemistry is the applied science under which we study substances.This science is such an interesting science that is related to almost all fields such as our life, our culture, our nature, etc.
The father of modern chemistry
The father of modern chemistry is called Lavoisier, who was a French chemist. His special contribution to the field of chemistry was that he gave a clear and exact reason for the fire burning. He told that oxygen is very important for burning a fire. His other special contribution in the field of chemistry was that he told about the organization of water. He said that water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen. He gave a clear definition of what an element is.
major branches of chemistry:
Under this, all known elements and their compounds (except organic compounds) are studied. It studies those substances which are obtained from air, soil, sea, and minerals.
Under this science, compounds made of carbon (in addition to carbonate, bicarbonate, cyanide, isocyanide, carbide, oxide) are studied. Simply put, organic chemistry is the study of hydrocarbons and their derivatives.
Under this, the physical properties of the substance and its composition, laws, and principles of chemical reactions are studied. Under which science is the effect of temperature pressure light concentration etc. on a chemical reaction.
Under this, various methods of analysis are studied on the basis of quantity and quality of a chemical substance, it includes chemical and physical methods of analysis.
Under this, chemical reactions occurring in animals and various types of substances obtained from tree plants and animals are studied.
Under this, these chemicals are studied, which are related to the agricultural sector
What You Can Do With Your chemistry Degree
Chemistry is known as the central science and students who majored in chemistry will lead college with knowledge and advanced mathematics and science concepts as a chemistry major you take a combination of advanced math and science courses and primarily during your time and lab you’ll develop the technical and analytical skills required for your future career as well as developing excellent laboratory techniques.
You gain specific knowledge in traditional Fields of chemistry
Because chemistry overlaps with many other subjects you will also pick up skills that are useful in biology and medicine physics and engineering and Geology and Earth science as You progress through your college career You’ll want to be mindful the skills you are refining by majoring in chemistry as well as developing a strong mathematical and numerical ability.
You will also need to develop and refine the following skills Analysis and problem-solving time management and organization Written and oral communication monitoring and maintaining records and data Teamwork research and presentation And it and technology if.
There are many career paths that chemists can take but some of the jobs directly related to a chemistry degree are analytical Chemists chemical engineer healthcare scientists and clinical biochemistry forensic scientists pharmacologist research scientist toxicologist and medical and clinical laboratory technician.
Later on, will go into a few of these in more detail But you can use this as a starting point for what you would like to do with your chemistry major.
easiest ways to begin your career as a chemist
The easiest way to begin your career as a chemist is by taking a job as a laboratory technician. This is a way for young Professionals to start at the bottom of a company and work their way up with senior positions generally requiring masters or PhD.
Furthermore, depending on your company, you might even be able to be paid to go back to schools that you can earn a graduate school Degree and move up in the company.
very important article must read
Lab techs are needed in a range of sectors including but not limited to medical clinical research biotech and environmental Lab Tech positions Lab technicians are skilled workers that work with complex systems or perform highly technical mechanical or diagnostic tests in medical or scientific laboratories.
Clinical and medical lab technicians are the two most common areas of work for lab techs Much of your individual training will be learned on the job, but you a foundation of laboratory skills from your time in lab during undergrad.
For example, if you were a medical laboratory technician the test you would be running would be ordered for the patients and are based on recommendations from Doctors and other Health care providers. Lab technicians usually have no direct interaction with the patient’s but rather performed tests on human bodily fluids tissue samples and cells collected by nurses or other healthcare professionals to Determine diagnosis and identify abnormalities.
A technician you would then use microscopes computers and automated laboratory equipment as well as keep detailed records of the data you compile in May 2015 us Bureau of Labor Statistics reported an annual median salary of thirty-eight thousand nine hundred and seventy for medical and clinical laboratory technicians.
The bureau of labor statistics Predicts 18 percent employment growth for these technicians from 2014 to 2024 which is much faster than average Another job you can take is as an entry-level chemist.
Entry-level chemistry jobs will often consist of working individually and as a team member to hypothesize tests and draw conclusions they may collaborate with people who specialized in other science-related fields and Especially in today’s world utilizes the computing power available to help where applicable for example.
For an entry-level chemistry position, one thing that I want to draw your attention to is the job requirements What you’ll notice
in almost all? Chemistry job postings are that every company will require some amount of laboratory experience in order to Fulfill
You will want to find internships either at your university or private companies that you can develop these skills
before you graduate The average starting salary for chemists will vary by region, but as of 2010, the median entry-level salary was
44,000 many people who major in chemistry continue on in their education earn a master’s or Ph.D.
Because this is really where most of the job opportunities present themselves? one of the benefits of attending a Ph.D. program is that you can usually get a good chunk of your education paid for by the university if not all of it in exchange for your time spent conducting research underneath the presiding postdoc.
This is one way that top research universities like Stanford mit Uc Berkeley and UCLA Attract graduate students to attend their universities you hope the university developed new research And they give you your education and eventually your graduate school diploma.
Now when it comes to being an analytical chemist although You will be able to find some entry-level jobs most of them will require masters or Ph.D. With the most job opportunity and upward mobility to those with PhDs.
Analytical chemists use a diverse range of methods to investigate the chemical nature of substances The Aim is to identify and understand the substance and how it behaves in different conditions in the pharmaceutical industry, for example, You would be involved throughout the drug development process this would include studying the physical or chemical properties of the drug substances and formulations.
With a view to determining the quality and stability of drug products analytical chemist can find work in a range of scientific industries and typical employers include agrochemical companies biotechnology or contract research organizations chemical and polymer manufacturers, environmental agencies, food companies government agencies, hospital laboratories, petrochemical companies, pharmaceutical companies, and public health laboratories.
Within these industries analytical chemists work may be carried out in areas as diverse as drug formulation and development chemical or forensic analysis process development product validation quality control and toxicology analytical chemists earn an average of 70 1,700.
Annually the highest 10% make around one hundred and twenty thousand six hundred while the lowest 10% earned around forty one thousand.
Most analytical chemists work for private research and development firms, but as mentioned previously many of them can be found at pharmaceutical companies. Other jobs that were not specifically mentioned our agro chemists, biochemists, Inorganic chemists, and many more.
For example as an agro chemist you would combine chemistry and biochemistry knowledge to improve agricultural practices like Improved crop production or Making the process of taking raw goods and turning them into consumable foods and beverages in a job as a chemist at a food or beverage company.
You would likely implement techniques to improve quality assurance and quality control Inorganic chemists would look at the structure and behavior of Inorganic Molecules and this knowledge can be used in mining geosciences and production of semiconductors.
Now a major challenge that new Graduates face is landing their first job and it usually comes down to that they failed to build the resume and build the proper relationships with people in their field to land a job.
If you want to become a successful chemist here are some helpful tips First off study hard study with students smarter or more talented than you although it might be challenging It will greatly serve you in the long-run.
Then build relationships with your professors by visiting them during office hours Join your school’s American chemical Society club or hold an office for that club.
As you can Interview working chemists that suggested above join an established lab with plenty of grad students to conduct your undergraduate research Observe the grad students and pick their brains.
When it comes to advanced lab techniques get your name on a publication or to Seek an internship at a private company over the summer or during the school year if you can make it fit while you’re in school Pa for a professor or see if there are research opportunities on your campus.
If There’s a career services department at your school use it to extend your network and build relationships with Potential employers attend an on-campus Career Fair.
If You follow everything listed above you’re sure to have a leg up on the competition and almost Guaranteed to land a chemistry-related job after a little bit of researching You will develop diabetes.
At companies will be more than willing to pay you for But by far the most important thing you can do is build your career network in Addition to technical skills you will also want to consistently.
Improve your interpersonal communication skills as the chemist you’ll require creativity Interpersonal communication skills can be simplified to the ability to communicate clearly and conciselyself-confidence and motivation to investigate and solve complex problems patience and attention to detail.
Outside of the careers listed chemistry majors can move on to work and sales roles do some sort of science-related consulting Teach and many more the challenge with these careers.
Is that you have to be a little more creative in your job hunt and so most of your social network.
Overall the chemistry major can lead to many great careers and one thing that new grads can do to make their job search easier and more productive is to approach it from a project perspective.
Avoid wasting time by developing a search plan and not just a resume there are many different jobs sectors that chemistry majors fit into and it is important for you to do your research and Identify your interest as soon as possible.
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